Friday, August 12, 2016

DIY Classroom Decor Bulletin Board Letters

I absolutely love DIY classroom decor so I wanted to show you guys how to make your own bulletin board letters in any font, size, style, and color you want! I promise it's easy!

Making bulletin board letters is super easy and, best of all, cheap! All you need is colorful paper and a printer to print in black ink! Then you can label your entire classroom as much as you want for super cheap!

This easy step by step tutorial is using PowerPoint on a PC. It may be different on a Mac or with a different version of PowerPoint but I am guessing it's pretty similar! I can help you if you need it on this Facebook post, I'll help provide support so feel free to ask any questions there!

This is to make your own bulletin board letters in any font/color/size/etc. that you want like the MATH letters on my math board. Big colorful letters are perfect for making "Word Wall," "Our Best Work," or any board you want to title!

DIY classroom decor tutorial to make your own bulletin board letters in any font color and size in only 5 easy steps!!


If you want to see the math activities on the board, I show those fun activities in action in my Building Number Sense in First Grade post with a ton of ideas for how to introduce numbers in the beginning of the year!


Okay let's get started!

step 1: open a new, blank PowerPoint slide and make it paper sized

This is the most tech-y seeming step but I promise it's easy and, once you do it once or twice, you'll be able to do it in your sleep.

When you open a new presentation, it will most likely default to "Widescreen" and be widescreen sized and landscape. I prefer to make the page "Portrait" by clicking on DESIGN at the top and then the drop-down box SELECT SIZE and then CUSTOM SLIDE SIZE.

A box will pop up.

Under SLIDES SIZED FOR, select LETTER PAPER (8.5 x 11 in) and under ORIENTATION, click on PORTRAIT.

This will give you a normal page in PowerPoint that you can print on regular copy paper. I do this before creating anything! This makes it so the page prints out portrait style on a regular piece of copy paper. :)

step 2: insert a text box in a fun font

Now for the fun part! Choose the font you want to use! I LOVE fonts. There are a ton of free fonts for personal use on TpT. For this example, I am using KG Shake It Off Chunky which is one of my (many) favorites. 

Click on INSERT.

Click on TEXT BOX. Click somewhere on the page, holding down your mouse, drag your mouse diagonally to create a box, and then let go. It doesn't matter how big you make the text box or where you put it - you can change all that later.

Type the first letter you want to make inside the text box.

Highlight the letter with your mouse.

Choose the font you want to use.

Make it the size you want by typing a number in the box for font size (usually a drop down to the right of the name of the font). I typed in 600 for my example.

To move the letter to where you want it on the page, click on the dotted line of the text box to make it a solid line which allows you to select the whole box. Then you can drag that box around to where you want it with your mouse. Make sure your letter stays in the white (that's the page and what it will look like when it prints).

It should look something like this....




step 3: make the font an outline

Highlight the letter by clicking on one side of the letter and dragging to the other side then let go. This should make a gray box over the letter like this:



Right click on the gray box that highlights the letter.

A little box will pop up. Click on Format Text Effects.

This will pop up a little menu on the right hand side. 

Click on the A with the little rectangle under it. (It looks just like the A with a rectangle under it that you always click on to change font colors.)

Click on Text Fill. Click on No Fill. Your letter will disappear for a second, not to worry, it's supposed to.

Next, click on Text Outline. Click on Solid Line. Your letter should reappear as an outline (most likely in blue).

Under Color, click on the paint bucket to change it to black. 

Then you'll see a box a little under that called Width. It's most likely at 0.75. Make it as thick as you want... play with it clicking the arrows up and down until you get the thickness you want. For my example, I used 18 pt so I clicked the up arrow a lot. :) [If you don't want a border and want just the letter in a bright color with no border, leave it at 0.75 so you have a super thin line to follow when cutting it out.]

Now it should look like this:



Congratulations, you made your letter!!!!

Repeat for whatever other letters you're trying to make for whatever you're spelling out. You can easily do this by clicking on the slide you just made on the left hand side where it shows a small version of the slide. Once you click on the slide, hold down CTRL + D (hold down the the Ctrl key on your keyboard and press the letter D). This will duplicate the slide in an exact copy so you can simply just change the letter. You can press CTRL+D as many times as you need to spell anything you want! :)



step 4: print your letters onto the color paper you want them to be in

Choose the colors you want the letters to be and print the outline on that color paper.

DIY classroom decor tutorial to make your own bulletin board letters in any font color and size in only 5 easy steps!!


step 5: cut out the letters

Simply cut out the letters! I personally like to leave the black wide border on them and cut it out around the edge. 

If you want letters with no borders to just be that letter in a bright color, you would've left the width at 0.75 in step 3 so just cut it out with that line.

For letters that have insides, I recommend using a little hand knife from the craft store to cut the inside pieces out like this:

DIY classroom decor tutorial to make your own bulletin board letters in any font color and size in only 5 easy steps!!

This is the mat for my rotary cutter which I love for cutting out centers. You can see it on this list of Classroom Must Haves full of awesome things for the classroom which also has the bright paper I use and other fun goodies. 

So now you're done!!!! GO LABEL THE WORLD! ....or at least your classroom! :)

DIY classroom decor tutorial to make your own bulletin board letters in any font color and size in only 5 easy steps!!


You can do this to create so many bulletin board labels for your classroom! Your word wall, your math wall, your student work board, whatever! Create and label to your heart's content! I just love making my own letters because it's so cheap - just color paper and black ink - and I can make them HUGE to brighten up any display. I really hope you loved this tutorial! Please let me know on this Facebook post if you have any questions or need help! I'll respond on that post to help you out. :)

Please let me know in the comments below if this tutorial was helpful for you! :) 

I'd also love if you took a moment to follow me on Pinterest, Facebook, and IG for more fun ideas like this. Thanks!



Also - don't forget to join Miss Giraffe's Class so you never miss out on fun ideas and exclusive free stuff from me only for subscribers!

Saturday, June 25, 2016

Bottle Cap CVC Word Building Centers

Building CVC words is so much fun with bottle caps! I absolutely love bottle caps for literacy and math centers which you may remember from my Secret Sight Words post a few years ago so I wanted to show you one of my favorite ways to use them.

Building words! For this short vowels center, I made 160 different CVC words. 
All 160 words come in SIX different versions:
- All letters are missing (3 empty circles) so they build the entire word
- Just the beginning sound is missing (shown directly below)
- Just the ending sound is missing
- Just the middle sound (vowel sound) is missing
- The beginning and ending sound are missing
- No letters are missing so they just match letters


Since every CVC word card comes in 6 different levels, you can really easily differentiate it for your class or use them to practice certain skills. For example, if you're practicing beginning sounds, you could use all of those cards for the different short vowel sounds OR just the short e cards if that is the vowel you're practicing at the time or however you want to use them.



I made the cards by word family so if you teach short vowels in word families then you can use the cards just for that word family to practice with. For example, these are some of the cards for the -at word family:


Like I said, every card comes in 6 versions so this is the beginning sounds version. You could practice the -at word family with any of the levels. You could have your on level kids do this one as a center, your below level kids simply match the letters that are on the card by putting bottle caps on top of them, have your advanced level kids do the beginning & ending sound cards (where only the a is in the middle and they figure out the initial/final sounds on the card), and then use the 3 empty circle cards to practice segmenting sounds in small groups. They're great teaching tools. :) 

You can also use alphabet magnet letters to put in the circles if you prefer. The ones I show you in this post are the ones that I use and fit well enough in the circles. Not perfectly as you can see below but they work well with the center. :) 



The alphabet letters are fun and colorful but I love bottle caps because you can make as many as you need. Just ask your parents for their water bottle caps and bring yours from home and use a permanent marker to write letters on them. 

Like I was saying about the 3 blank circle versions, they are great word building practice in small groups. I love them for segmenting the individual sounds in a word.


You can also practice the missing initial sounds and final sounds cards in small groups. They're awesome for making kids think about what comes at the beginning of the word and what they hear at the end. 


You can also use them as an independent center. 



Once your kids know all of the vowel sounds, I recommend using the middle sounds cards to practice what vowel sound the word is making. This can get tricky, especially with short i and e, so it's a fantastic center to practice it, especially for struggling students.



Once your kids have done all of the cards as centers or small group activities, you can always just throw these cards into a bin as a free choice center. You can mix them all up by vowels and type so they can just do the ones they want. 



If you put your box of alphabet magnet letters in the center, that makes it a really popular choice as well! 



So anyway! This is one of my favorite short vowel activities for working with words and you can get ALL of these cards in the Bottle Cap Centers CVC Words bundle!




I mean how cute is this cub?? 




I also have Long Vowels CVCe Bottle Cap Centers and Beginning Blends CCVC Bottle Cap Centers!

I also have Bottle Cap Math Centers!

If you love this, you may also love these posts:
Short A Activities & Resources (has a TON of ideas for short vowels centers and activities)

Also - don't forget to join Miss Giraffe's Class so you never miss out on fun ideas and exclusive free stuff from me only for subscribers!

Friday, April 22, 2016

Composing Shapes in 1st Grade

Composing Shapes is such a fun topic in first grade and kindergarten geometry! Learning how to compose 2D and 3D shapes is fun because, well, they get to build! What kid doesn't love building?

I have a TON of small group activities, centers, and ideas to share with you for teaching composing shapes that I hope your students will love!



First and foremost - use pattern blocks in every activity that you can! Students are so much more engaged when they can hold and physically manipulate the shapes to build new ones.

Give them time to explore.

They love making pictures out of the blocks so that's an easy introductory activity to get them used to putting the blocks together to make a picture.


Let them build whatever they want on their mat then write how many of each pattern block they used. I recommend printing out the color version of these mats and either laminating them or putting them in a sheet protector like I did above and having students use a dry erase marker to write on them. That way you can use them over and over and the kids can build and record multiple pictures in one sitting by writing and wiping.

Then, in small groups, you can have them build something specific. Have each person build a flower (in their own way) or a robot, person, butterfly, a big triangle, etc. Talk to them about how they put the blocks together to make a new shape. Have them talk to each other about the shapes they used.

Kids love making pictures out of the blocks... and will do it anyway whether it's an activity you give them or not, so it's best to get this out of their system early :)

Once they've had fun exploring, give them activity cards to build! 



In small groups, show the entire group one card, place it in the center of the table so they can all see, and have them build it. Ask them questions about what shapes they used, how many shapes make up the new shape, etc.


If you want to make this an independent center after you use it in small groups, simply give the kids a stack of cards and a recording sheet. I made 2 sets of them so they can do the math station twice (or you could copy it back to back and give more cards to challenge higher kids). Have them take a card, build it, then color in the shapes they used for that card like this:



If you want to be referred to as the "best teacher ever" for the day, you could also incorporate dough into these composing shapes lessons.

Give each kid at your table their own can of dough to build into a ball then have them flatten it. It's important that each child uses the entire can so it's thick enough to imprint in. Then, select a card for them to build with the pattern blocks. Have them build it on top of the flat dough. 


Once they've built it, have them push down really hard to imprint it into the dough. Have them hold the pieces together in place as they push so the blocks don't move away from each other. Have them carefully peel the pattern blocks off and it will reveal their new shape!



I also made these composing shapes cards for 3D shapes. You know me, I differentiate everything I can so there are 2 sets - one where it's just combining two 3D shapes and one set where it also combines 3 shapes like in the N card seen below.


Students simply look at the card and color in the 3D shapes that the new composite shape is made of. You can also have them build each card with three dimensional shape blocks if you have them. 

Asking questions about which shapes were used is a great vocabulary review for geometry as well. 

If you want to incorporate the dough again, a great small groups activity is talking about what shapes make up 3D shapes. For example, show them a cylinder and point to the circle face and ask them what shape it is. They can stamp it into the dough to see that it is a circle. Do this for all the three dimensional blocks (triangular prism, rectangular prism, etc.) to see what shapes they're made of. Again, it's a great vocabulary review to talk about "faces" and apply that to real world questions.
"This rectangular prism is made of 2 square faces and 4 rectangle faces" etc.

I also made worksheets for this skill where they just look at the picture and color in the shapes it is made out of. The star in the upper right corner of my worksheets always tell you the level (A, B, or C) that a worksheet is for easy differentiation.



I also made worksheets like this for 2D shapes like this one:


I definitely recommend letting students use the pattern blocks to figure out these answers. Have them try to build the hexagon using each given set until they find the set that makes a perfect hexagon. You could have them build it on top of a hexagon block to make it easier.

Speaking of making it easier, like I said, I differentiate everything I can so I also made an easier version where the lines are already there for them (level A - note the star in the corner). Still have them build it and color it in on their sheet to show you that they built it.


I've talked about this in other math posts, as well as other posts, that I think it's important to meet kids at their level but with the same activity (or at least working on the same skill) whenever you can. This activity provides the extra help struggling students might need by providing the lines but is still working on the same skill.

You also want to challenge every child, including your high kids.

A great challenge is to make big triangles!

  
This is obviously a little bit more challenging because they need more shapes to do it and have to fit it into the triangle perfectly without white space or overhangs. Your higher kids will love this but so will your lower kids. It's like a puzzle to them and kids LOVE puzzles. As you can see, there's a C in the upper right corner so you know it's a more challenging activity.

Going off of that, a small group activity I LOVE for challenging kiddos is Grow It!


Give your kids a triangle block then tell them to make a bigger triangle.... once they do, tell them to make an even bigger triangle... and so on! You can easily differentiate by just having your higher kids make bigger and bigger triangles. It's an awesome challenge and they love doing it. 

You can do this with any of the shapes. Give them a hexagon and have them build a bigger one... and a bigger one... and a bigger one... You can also do it with trapezoid or the square. It's just super fun and encourages critical thinking - I really recommend it. 

Another game I absolutely LOVE is Fill Me Up!


Kids take turns rolling the dice to know which shape to grab and add to their hexagons. I made 2 dice - one with a hexagon and one without so you can make the game easier/harder. They can move their pieces around at any point in the game to fit new ones because their hexagons have to be filled perfectly where there is no white space and no shapes overhanging (going over the lines). The first person to perfectly fill all their hexagons wins!

It's a kid favorite but I personally love it because they have to be critically thinking in order to fill their shapes perfectly and they're super motivated to manipulate them around. It's just a lot of great practice where they don't even realize how much thinking they're doing. :)

I also included 2 different spinners so you can do spinners instead of dice. I also made a more challenging game board where they have to fill up both triangles perfectly (no white space or over hangs) to win!



Another fun game to use this spinner or the dice with is a game I call Towers. It's a great partner game. Give each set of partners some pattern blocks and a shape spinner or shape dice.


They take turns rolling the dice to know which shape to grab next like in Fill Me Up BUT each kid grabs that piece to add to their tower. Their towers will be identical. You could also have them pick their own shapes but I think it's more fun to have them look the same. That's just me though - tweak it however you want to for your class!  

The most fun part is that it's VERTICAL! They're building up!

So Partner A rolls the dice and gets a hexagon so he puts a hexagon standing up and Partner B copies them. Then, Partner B rolls and gets a trapezoid and adds it to their tower. Partner A copies what they do. And so on. Each time they roll, they add it to their tower and the other person copies them.

When someone's tower falls, the other person wins! If you don't want it to be a game where someone wins... use it as an activity where you just try to build as tall of a tower with your partner as possible before it falls. It's really fun!



Another highly engaging way to practice is with cut and pastes! If you've read all my math posts, you know I am obsessed with cutting and pasting for math!



Just because you're doing a cut and paste activity doesn't mean they can't use blocks!

Again, the more you can use hands on materials, the better! It really just helps them build that conceptual understanding and see the new shapes they're making.


Let them get those pieces on the paper and build it to figure out the new composite shape. 

The same thing goes for the paper and pencil worksheets. They can still use the blocks.

For example, this activity asks them to figure out how many of each block they need to make a certain shape. 


See how they "filled" a hexagon with triangles on top of it to figure out how many it took? 
Then, for the next question, they're doing the same thing with the rhombus blocks. 

For this activity, they're supposed to make a new shape with the given ones and draw it. They can build it with blocks first on their paper then trace and color them. It's just nice to give them that added support. These worksheets can be used independently or in small groups.


Again, the level is in the corner. See how this level C below is just a little more challenging by adding 3 blocks? I'm all about the sneaky differentiating. :)


Okay, just ONE more activity and then I'll let you get back to your day. I just love sharing ideas and get excited and then these posts end up being a mile long BUT I hope they're helpful for you and that you gained some things you can take back into your classroom. I'd love to hear from you in the comments if you found this post helpful!

So this activity is all about patterns!


Give kids a pattern (the first one above is trapezoid + triangle/rhombus) and have them simply continue it! They can also do this with a partner where their partner starts a pattern and they extend it. It's also a great small group activity when first exploring composing shapes.

I hope you've enjoyed this post! If you want the materials for any of the activities I talked about, they're ALL included in my First Grade Math Unit 17 and "Composing Shapes" is only ONE concept in that unit out of 5. It is packed with geometry resources for little learners!




Want to read more MATH ideas from me?
Check out some of these fun posts:
Building Number Sense
Place Value
Telling Time
Fractions
Adding 3 Numbers
Fact Fluency
Making a 10 to Add
Money

Follow me on Pinterest for more teaching ideas!

Also - don't forget to join Miss Giraffe's Class so you never miss out on fun ideas and exclusive free stuff from me only for subscribers!

Friday, April 15, 2016

20 Classroom Management Strategies You Can Start Right Away

20 easy classroom management strategies you can start right away to help improve student behavior and build a strong, positive classroom community!

I've been wanting to write this post for so long because I feel like it's something everyone, absolutely everyone, struggles with.

Whether you are a brand new, first year teacher or an experienced teacher who is just one lost glue stick cap away from going crazy, these tips and tricks are for you!

It's important to have a lot of strategies in your tool box because what worked in September won't work in March and what worked with last years' group won't work with this year's group and, heck, what works with Billy won't work with Ava. The more little tricks you know and can employ, the better! Because sometimes it's just throwing darts in the dark until you find what works for each student... and then changing it up when the novelty of what's working wears off... Because it does. Oh, oh, it does.

So here goes....

1. Move students around until you find combinations that work.
Don't be afraid to move them around until you find students who work well together. It's good to mix different abilities, personalities, and temperaments at tables to find the right balance. This isn't just the beginning of the year - move them around whenever you need to change a dynamic or want to switch it up. 

If you have tables, do not tape those name tags down! Use fastener tape to adhere them to the desk so you can move kids easily. I love fastener tape because you can cut it exactly how big you want it.


If you want to move a child, you can just switch the name tags easily.

It's also great for the beginning of the year when they may not know how to write their name properly or want the reference charts on it so they can bring it with them to a center or small groups.

You can also have them all bring their name tag to you when they come to the carpet and mix them up to quickly make partners or groups, call on people if you draw their name tag, etc.

It also cuts down on the peeling. If you've ever taped down name tags, you know what I'm talking about. The one or two kids that peel the tape at the ends of their name tags. It drives me loco.

2. Table Points
This is a great way for kids to manage each other but in a collaborative way. Even your most challenging kids want to be accepted by their peers... and kids are so competitive! Even if they're not winning anything, they still want the most tally marks!


Make sure you say exactly why they're getting a point with specific praise - things like: "I love how Table 3 is working so quietly together to do their math centers. They get a point."

This is AWESOME for cleanup. Every single cleanup time can be a competition for which table is the cleanest, tidiest, doesn't have anything under it, and is done the fastest. When their table is immaculate and done, they sit with their hands folded looking at you to show they're ready and done. Once all the tables are done, do a quick 'inspection' to see which table was the fastest/quietest/cleanest and award that table a point. Also great for things like which table can open up their books to the correct page in their books the fastest. They will transition so quickly... and you will have the cleanest room ever! 

3. Students vs. Teacher
This is really similar to table points but they're competing against YOU! Kids get a HUGE kick out of this! Basically, if the class is working quietly or you see some great partner sharing or just anything that you can compliment them for, give them a point (tally). If they're not doing what they should be, YOU get a point (tally).


Again, say why you're giving them a point ("Wow! You guys cleaned up after centers so well!") or why YOU are getting a point instead ("It's super noisy in here. Point for me.")

Some people may say you're making it a you vs. them type deal but as long as you keep it super positive and it's all in good fun, it's a great management tool. It's also awesome if it can be tied to something - if they get to 20 points, they get an extra 10 minute recess or a fun dance break after every 10 or if they're winning at the end of the day, they get free time the last 10 minutes of the day. Whatever works for you and your class!

4. The Compliment Circle
This is one of my favorite things ever. I know it's long-ish but read this and watch your classroom change. 

Young kids love to talk, they love to share, they love to feel special, they love to be loved, and they love to feel accepted. This does all of those things for every single student all in one quick activity. If your kids are tattling like crazy or are just not getting along, this activity can help SO much!

Bring all of your students to the carpet and have them sit on the edge of the carpet (like the ends) so they create a rectangle. If you don't have a rectangle shaped carpet or do this outside or something, have them sit in a circle. By the way, if you've never had them make a circle before, you're going to laugh when you realize they totally have no idea how to do this. To teach them, have them hold hands with the person next to them and go lock up the 2 ends. Then, have them take steps back until their arms are stretched out and they look like a circle. You may have to bring some forward and push some back to help them out but they figure it out fairly quickly. :)

Anyway! Now that they're all sitting, have them put their legs straight out in front of them.
YOU should sit down with them and be a part of the community, legs straight out.

Bring out a stuffed animal and tell them that the only person who may talk is the person holding the stuffed animal. Let them know that if their legs are out, that means they have not been complimented yet and are ready for a compliment. The person holding the bear will pick someone with their legs out to compliment. Once they've been complimented, that person brings in their legs to sit criss cross and that is how you know they've already been complimented. The person who complimented them will pass the bear to the person next to them. That person will pick someone with their legs out to compliment (who will criss cross their legs and say, "Thank you" once the person is done) then pass the bear to the next person. The status of your legs doesn't affect whether or not you get the bear - even if your legs are criss cross, you still give a compliment. It's THE BEST because every single child compliments someone and receives a personal compliment. By the time the stuffed animal gets back to you, everyone has had a turn both complimenting and being complimented. The person who receives a compliment should say thank you to the compliment giver as they cross their legs. 

You have no idea until you try it how much classroom community it will bring. You will see them doing nice things for each other so that they get complimented later because you will model for them that compliments should be for kind actions. Model model model before you do it and you always go first to start the circle by choosing a student to compliment (man oh man do you make that kiddos' day when YOU, the teacher, compliment them :)). Explain how "I love how you helped me when I fell down at recess" or "You did a great job cleaning up after math centers" are great compliments. Tell them to watch out for others doing kind things so they have compliments ready. They will get better and better at it and it is just a warm fuzzy awesome feeling. The smiles on their faces when they get complimented by a peer is worth more than gold. It's great to do at the end of the day - send them home with their hearts full.

5. Help kids be self-sufficient.
Have a little "I Can Take Care of Myself" bucket. Put bandages in there so if they have a little cut or need a bandage, they can get it themselves to put it on. Besides you not having to stop what you're doing to get them a bandage, this will also save a lot of "Can I go to the nurse?" questions. They can just patch themselves up themselves.

Another thing that helps with that is Ouchie Lotion!


Do you get "My arm hurts. Can I go to the nurse?" type questions? Or a kid falls in class and then wants to go to the nurse? Never fear, there's Ouchie Lotion. Simply write/type "Ouchie Lotion" onto a piece of paper (or grab my free label here) and wrap it around a bottle of lotion. If something "hurts," they can go get a little squirt (teach them 1 squirt only!) to rub on what hurts and somehow, magically, they seem to feel better.


6. Hand signals for questions!
You definitely need hand signals! You have 2 dozen little kiddos that need to use the restroom, get a drink, what have you, during the day. That's A LOT of questions in a single day and it's hardly ever a convenient time. It's SO nice to know exactly what a kid needs just by looking at them. A raised hand tells you nothing... so have hand signals! Have them hold up 1 finger to ask for a drink and 2 fingers to ask to use the restroom. Teach them that you will give them a thumbs up for yes or a thumbs down for no. That way, you can have totally nonverbal communication for those simple requests that's quick and effective. You could make a 3 fingers cue if you have something else they ask a lot. If they're raising their hand normally, they must have a question or want to tell you something. 

7. Give specific compliments constantly.
Nothing makes kids scramble to do well more than hearing another child be praised for it. 
"I love how Matthew has his book open to the correct page with his finger on the first word and is ready to read" will get all your kids scrambling to do the same. Instead of redirecting a kid who is doing the wrong thing, compliment a child who is doing the right thing out loud. This leads me to...

8. Use their name!
Always use their names in compliments when you can. The other kids will want to hear their name too. They want your love/attention so show them the way to get it is to make good choices. 

Also use their name for redirects in a super sly way where it just flows within your sentence. 
If John is staring off into space or playing in his desk while you're teaching, work his name into your sentence like this:
"Some animals are nocturnal, John, which means they are active at night and sleep during the day."
Let it flow so the other kids don't notice but it will jolt John back into the lesson.

9. Have a check-out system for leaving the room.
It can be hectic remembering all of the pullout schedules or what kid is where when they're constantly going to the restroom/nurse/office/pullouts but it's obviously super important to always know where each child is. What if there's a fire drill? What if the SLP comes to pull out a kid for speech and you don't know where they are? What if their mom comes to get them and their desk is empty? EEK!

I present to you... "Where Am I?" cups!


Any time a student leaves the room, they MUST put one of the cups on their desk or at their table spot so you can look at their spot and know exactly where they are. 

Have at least 2 cups for the restroom, office, nurse, etc., as many cups as you need for pullouts like speech/gifted/etc., or anywhere else a student might leave the classroom.

I highly recommend having them each in a different color so you don't have to walk to the cup to read it. If your "Restroom" cup is blue, you can just look at the child's desk and know they're in the restroom if there's a blue cup on their desk. If your "Nurse" cup is red and there is a red cup on their desk, you don't even have to read it to know where they are... and so on. When they come back to the classroom, they put the cup back in the cup stack. Simply stack the cups somewhere where they can grab the cup they need when they need to go somewhere.

10. Have a "I'm Lost" bin.
When cleaning up, sometimes kids will find the weirdest things that don't really have a home. Maybe it's a math manipulative or center card from a center you did weeks ago and already put away but somehow wasn't found until just now. Maybe it's *gasp* a marker cap with no capless marker in sight. Maybe it's a child's hair tie. If you don't have a home for these homeless items, they will end up on your desk or in your hands. Have you ever emptied your pockets when you got home to find dice, hair ties, and marker caps? Yeah, this will fix that.


They'll have a place to put those things for the time being and not have to ask you about it. Then, you can look through it at your leisure to help put them away or make it a responsible students' job.

You can grab my label here!

11. Outlaw tattling.
If tattling is an issue in your class, read my post all about How to Tackle Tattling in the Classroom for a lot of tips!

12. Have fun, consistent ways to get their attention.
There are a lot of fun attention calls but I think it's most effective to keep it the same expectation/call back every single time BUT with a twist.

Pick something you always say that students always say the same response back to but change the way you say it.

For example, I like "Kiddos kiddos" that the students always respond "What what" to. BUT however you say "Kiddos kiddos," they have to say "What what" in the same way. If you say it in a normal voice, they do too. If you say it in a high pitched sing song-y voice, they do too. If you say it in a monster growly voice, they do too. If you streeeeetch it out (kiiiiiiddddddooooos kiiiiiiidddddddooooos), they do too (whaaaaaaat whaaaaat). You can do so many different variations! I think keeping it the same actual words is nice so they all know/remember and it just becomes habit but you can keep it fun/engaging by changing up the way you say it and they will think it's funny! You can yodel it, you can sing it, you can growl it, whatever to get their attention. :) 

13. Use fingers for multi-step directions.
Some students can really struggle with multi-step directions... and some kids just straight up do not listen to directions - they just tune out when you start explaining what to do. Sound familiar?? An easy way to fix this is to break directions up into short pieces, number them, and have them repeat what you say! Have the procedure always be the same.

Example: You say "Direction Time!" clapping each word and students all immediately turn to you and say "Direction Time!" clapping each word then clasping their hands. They should whip around and do this quickly and in unison. Practice it. Then, you say "Step 1" while holding up 1 finger. They should immediately hold up 1 finger but not say "Step 1" because you're going to continue talking. You and all of the students are now holding up 1 finger while you say, "Do your math station activity." and they repeat it and say, "Do your math station activity." You say "Step 2" and hold up 2 fingers which you/they should all change to holding up 2 fingers. Tell them the second step, "Clean it up." which they repeat. You say "Step 3" and you/they change to 3 fingers. Then you say, "Write in your math journal." and they repeat. Then, quickly review all 3 steps with them again the same way (a second time) with all of you holding up your fingers for each step. It may seem robotic but if they're struggling with knowing what to do, this is a really effective way to help them with multi-step directions. If your directions seem too long for them to repeat, then your directions are too long/convoluted and that's why they're struggling. Put each step into small, manageable, clear chunks. You can also have them turn and tell the person next to them the 3 steps. You can also ask them to tell you. Hold up a finger and have them chorally tell you the step for each step. It should be quick though! You don't want to bore them with directions... but if you get a lot of "What do I do now?" questions, incorporate this quick strategy and see how it works!

14. Stick Stars
Have a cup of craft sticks with each kids' name on it. Every so often, shake the cup (so they can hear the craft sticks rattling) and pick a stick out of it. If that child is doing what they're supposed to do, congratulate them and give them whatever your classroom currency is (point, ticket, pom ball, whatever you use). If you don't have a currency, let them come get a sticker or something. If the person ISN'T on a task, you simply put the stick back in the cup and say something like, "Oh they're not on task." Don't humiliate a student by saying the name then saying they're not doing what they're supposed to. That will make every single kid who wasn't doing what they were supposed to think, "Aw man! I bet it was me! I should've been ____." so it's effective for redirecting multiple kids at once. Honestly, if your class is being a little crazy, you can just pretend to look at a stick and say, "Oh they're not on task." Feel free to quickly glance at the students that were particularly off task. It's an awesome redirect. Just the rattling of that cup makes every kid check themselves. :)



15. Show your students love! Talk to them.
You may be the only smile or hug or attention they get from an adult all day. Parents are busy. Some parents work long hours and simply aren't around. Some parents are technically there but are checking social media on their cell phones instead of asking their kids about their day. Kids need love. Kids need attention. Kids need to share their thoughts and excitements and feelings with others.

If a kid is acting out, go put your arm around them and show them you care. 

If they know you love them, they'll want to be good for you. They still might struggle with it but if they are trying their best because they love you, that's all you can ask for.

Try to find a moment each day to connect with each child. Let them tell you about what they did with their cousins over the weekend or something funny that happened on the playground or about their new toy. Just one minute of listening will mean so much to them. Can you imagine going all day without your teacher talking to you once other than telling you what to do? It's so easy to get busy with all you have to fit into the day and all the transitions to not take the time to build relationships but it's so important. Just a quick going over and saying "Good work" with a pat on the shoulder or a high five and a smile when they enter the room or a hug and "how are you doing?" in the morning - whatever, just any positive interaction to show them some love. 

16. The whisper trick.
If your kids are being too noisy, tell them today is a whisper day. They're only allowed to whisper. You also will only whisper so they have to be really quiet if they want to hear your directions.
Some kids have ridiculously loud "whisper" voices so you may have to model for them :) 

17. Change your behavior chart regularly.
If your school uses classroom behavior clip charts, change them out regularly!
These can be really effective but they lose their effectiveness for some kids... but NOT if the chart changes each month and is new and exciting! Even when there's rewards involved, kids get bored quickly.

For these charts - always use it as a positive reinforcement - you want kids to be motivated to move UP the chart to get the new honor/award certificate to bring to their parents, not fear moving down. Make moving up a big deal ("Oh Sara, I love the way you helped Table 2 clean up. You can clip up!" out loud) but keep clipping down more private between you and that child. It's much more effective if the kids view it as a positive challenge.

ANYWAY! The trick to switching it out and having that not waste any instructional time is to simply keep the colors the same. So let's say at the beginning of the year, you start out with a plain behavior chart like one of these - fancy glitter polkadots or plain colorful chevron (click on any of them to see more close up):

                      Fancy Polkadots Behavior Chart                      Chevron Behavior Chart

Each kids' clothespin (with their name or number on it) starts on the green "Ready to Learn" each day.

They can move up for better choices or down for poor choices. If they get to the top (which you should make a really special thing - only 1 child, maybe 2, per day if even that), everyone claps for them as soon as you tell them to clip up (trust me, they're all watching once someone is on purple!) and at the end of the day, you give them a Star Student Award to take home to their family. It's a big deal, folks.

I like these simple charts for teaching the colors and process.

BUT THEN... in October... they'll walk in one day to find...


They'll come in the morning to see the chart has changed! They'll be shocked! Seriously shocked.

They will already know how to use it because the colors have remained the same but now there are different fun words and pictures to aspire to. They love this. Now everyone wants the brand new Perfect Pumpkin Award... and I also recommend buying a pack of cute Halloween pencils or something to give them with their award if they get to the top. 

The best thing is that every month, they get revitalized about the behavior chart and re-motivated to climb it because you switch it out each month. & they get super excited when they know the next day is a new month and a new behavior chart is coming. So it's the end of October so you put out... (click any picture around the 'Pin me' button to see it closer)

                            November / Thanksgiving                            December / Christmas

 
                                January / Winter                                   February / Valentine's Day         

  
                           March / St. Patrick's Day                                     April / Spring

I seriously love these! Kids get a big kick out of them and it's just so easy to switch them out each month. 

Side note - Personally, I believe that kids should be able to clip up or down in any direction any time. So if they clip down to yellow for a poor choice in the morning, their whole day isn't ruined. This makes it a lot more positive and lets them make up for their behavior. You don't want them to be defined for the entire day by one mistake - let them work hard to go back up and, when they know that's an option, they'll be extra careful to try to do well to get back to green. If you make clipping down permanent, they'll most likely give up trying for the day and you don't want that. A clip down should be a motivation and reminder to do better rather than a punishment. They should also only ever clip up or down one color at a time.

You can also further use it as management by calling kids to activities (everyone always wants to be first, right??) by what color they're on. "All people on purple get in line for recess. [let them line up] Alright, now blues [let them line up] Anyone on green" etc. You can also say only kids on green or above can do the free choice activity at the end of the day or what have you so that students who clipped down are encouraged to try hard to clip back up.

I also have other fun themes if you just want to switch it out for fun or to match a unit of study. For example, I have cowboy themes, different sports, etc.

                                        Space                                                  Cowboy / Western

                                        Soccer                                                        Football

               
                                       Baseball                                                      Basketball

 
                                         Circus                                                           Frogs

 
                           Nautical Theme: Sailors                                             Ocean


Switch them out any time they start to lose their luster! Like I said, since the colors stay the same, you don't have to explain them at all. Just put them up and go!

I have all of my behavior charts in a big bundle if you want them all!


18. Keep super high expectations always.
If you let them slide with something one time, they remember that. Forever.

Kids are constantly testing their limits and you, so you have to be consistent with your high expectations. If your expectation is that every kid is sitting criss-cross with their hands folded looking at you when you're speaking, that's what it needs to always be. If 2 kids are still talking and you begin talking, that shows them that you'll talk anyway. It will take a lot of time training in the beginning but will save so much time throughout the year when they know/abide by your expectations.

If you don't allow kids to interrupt you while you're teaching small group, don't ever allow it. If you let just 1 kid come up and ask you a question and you answer, they'll all see and know that it's okay sometimes to do that. Nope. It seems faster and easier in the moment to just answer that child but don't do it - tell them to sit down in 2 words or less. Or ignore them completely so they realize they're not asking/behaving in the correct way. They get no attention unless they do what the expectation is, whether that is to sit down with their hand raised, ask a friend, etc. Don't say something like, "Yes, you can go to the restroom but next time, raise your hand." Never do that! They're not going to raise their hand next time because they got what they wanted without doing it this time and they (and everyone else who saw/heard) will remember that.

It probably sounds harsh to ignore them but you only have to do it for a little bit before they realize that you're serious about your expectations and that they won't get what they're seeking unless they follow the rules. Don't ever let your expectations slide. I can't stress that enough! I truly think it's the key to classroom management. If they see you let a rule slide for 1 person, they will try it themselves over and over... and those adorable littles are watching/listening to everything to see how you respond to situations. You can still be super loving about it. They just know the way to get your attention is by following the rules. This is a great time to compliment, compliment, compliment. "Thanks Aiden for raising your hand and being so patient. What do you need?" 

19. Practice EVERYTHING.
Whenever you introduce a new procedure, routine, center, anything - practice, practice, practice! Practice walking in a line, how to get a book from the classroom library and how to put it back, how to quietly walk to the drinking fountain and back, how to get your folder, everything. Practice until it's perfect. If ever they start to slip at any time of the year, practice it again like it's the first day of school. When you come back from breaks, sometimes they forget to ask permission to leave their seat or all of a sudden have an appetite for eating paper... Practice and model correct behavior again. Don't be afraid to practice how to line up for the bathroom in December - sometimes they need a reminder.

20. Remember they're just kids. Your kids.
If you ask me, it is C.R.A.Z.Y. the expectations schools have for kids these days. For how much content they are expected to learn in a single year in early elementary. For how compliant they are expected to act all day. Kids work so, so hard. With few breaks and little recess at many schools. Keep your high expectations but love them anyway even when they can't manage to meet them.

They love you. You love them. You spend all day together and your smile might be the only one they get from an adult all day. Your hug might be the only hug they get from an adult that week. I know I said this already but it's really important. If they draw you a picture, act like it's the best gift. If they bring you a "cool" rock from the playground, act like it's the best gift. A rock may not be best gift but it's probably all they had to give and they gave it to you instead of keeping it for themselves.

When a kid is just driving you bananas, wait for a moment when they're actually doing what they're supposed to and go give them a hug. Bend down to their level and talk to them casually with a smile. Ask them about something light like their favorite T.V. show and just listen to them talk. There's probably more going on or feelings behind their misbehavior. Let them know just from your attention/body language that they're loved and cared for and that you want the best for them. Don't take this time to lecture, just show them love and friendship. When they have a strong rapport with you, they'll want to do better for you. And they might fail sometimes. That's okay, as long as they're trying. Even when it doesn't seem like it, some kids try really hard to "be good" and it's a true struggle for them. I know I got in trouble for talking all the time in elementary school and all I ever wanted was to "be good" but I just could not control myself for some reason. It made such a difference the teachers who embraced me than the ones who just lectured/punished me.

Also remember to celebrate the good behavior constantly like I said. There are some kids who always quietly do their work and it's easy to forget them when another kid is trying to lick his neighbor's shoe and the whole class is steadily getting noisier during independent work time. Don't let the hard worker go unnoticed. Saying "Wow, I love how Jason is working so quietly. Thanks Jason!" can go a long way when your class starts to get a little noisy. It redirects the whole class but in a positive way that makes Jason feel appreciated.

Randomly go to P.E. with them one day and play whatever the game is with them. Do the stretches with them and be another one of the kids in the class with them. They'll look at you like you're crazy and love it. Or go to art and do the art activity with them and talk to them like you're just another friend at the table.  Go hang out with them at recess one day or go sit and eat lunch with them on a random Tuesday. Any little thing you can do to build relationships is gold. Yes you need to make copies during your special and have piles of things to do but just take some time here and there to show them that you're a person too and they can have fun and be silly with you.

And if all else fails... on those full moon days... USE FOOD. 
You can literally get a bag of pretzel sticks or goldfish and just put ONE on their desk if they're working quietly/collaboratively/whatever the expectation is. When they hear the bag crinkle and see you put a goldfish on another kids' desk - HOLY CRICKETS. Food is legit magic. :)


Okay I think that's enough rambling!! I tend to do that, hence me getting in trouble in school for talking like I mentioned. :)


I hope this has been helpful and you found some tips you can implement in your classroom. Please feel free to ask me any questions you may have in the comments or let me know what strategies YOU use that work! There are a million different strategies for managing a classroom and I'm sure you have great ones to share with us all as well! :)

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