Friday, October 21, 2016

25 Chatty Class Classroom Management Strategies for Overly Talkative Students

Have a chatty class? Do your talkative students get louder and louder during small groups until it feels like chaos? Do they talk when you're talking then ask you what the directions were as soon as you finish?

Don't worry. This is totally normal. And completely fixable. Really!

Here are some simple but effective classroom management strategies for taming talkative students and getting that side chatter under control! Make sure you read them all so you can find the ones that are perfect for you and your class - I packed a lot of tips and tricks in this!

1. The Secret Word
This works like a charm. If you're going to be giving directions, teaching a mini lesson, reading a book out loud, etc.: Tell the students to listen for a secret word (ex: kangaroo, watermelon, etc.) that you will randomly insert in your talking. The first person to raise their hand when you say this word (it's super exciting for them!) gets some sort of prize - a sticker, a ticket, time on the computer - or just the satisfaction of being the person who got it first. Insert the word toward the end of your directions so they hear them all and the daydreaming students don't lose focus after the fun word has been said. They will be hanging on your every word, with their hands ready. If their friends try to talk to them, they will probably ignore them so they don't get distracted and miss the secret word. 

2. The Timer Trick
Another way to get students to not talk while you give directions is to play "Beat the Timer." You can make this a fun challenge for them! Any time you start talking, students have no idea if you're going to give them 1 minute directions or go on a 10 minute ramble so they're likely to just start talking when you do. 

Tell them that if they can "beat the timer," they'll get some free time to chat. Make it seem like a game. Set a kitchen timer for how long you want to talk for. Tell them that if no one talks before it goes off, they get free time to chat after you're done! I recommend starting out at only 2 or 3 minutes then slowly working up to 10-15 minutes or however long your mini lessons are. If no one talks, you'll set the timer to give them 1-2 minutes to freely talk after you're done. If just one person talks, they don't get the chat time. They don't want to be the one to make everyone miss out and will also regulate each other.

Kids will do anything to get this free time to chat for a minute! Plus, if they know there's an end in sight to your talking and have an incentive to stay quiet, they will. You can project an online timer on your interactive white board if you have one or put the kitchen timer under your document camera if you want them to be able to see it. Seeing it count down might help especially impulsive kids control themselves. However, if you notice they're all looking at the timer rather than listening, don't provide the visual. I personally say don't show it to them so they don't see how long you're going to talk for and sigh when it's a high number like 10-15 minutes. For really young kids, you can also break 15 minute lessons up into chunks - you talk 5 minutes, give them a minute to chat about it, you talk 4 minutes, give them a minute to chat, you talk 3 minutes, give them a minute to chat.

If they talk before the timer goes off, act sad, "Aw man! Someone talked. I guess we won't get talk time. Let's try harder next time." and that person will think twice about doing it again because their friends definitely know who they were, you don't need to say it. If they don't talk before the timer goes off, let them have free time chatting for 1-3 minutes at the carpet or their desks, wherever they were when you gave directions. Set the timer so they hear it go off when it's time to stop chatting and get to the next activity. Also enforce that when they hear the chat timer go off, they must get straight to work or they won't get to play "beat the timer" next time you talk. Having a timer will also force you to make your directions concise. It's easy as a teacher to repeat things or ramble, especially when being constantly interrupted, so timers actually help me keep directions simple and to the point.

3. Play "Students vs. Teacher" or "Table Points" to make staying quiet a competition. 
I explain how to use this strategy in my post: 20 Classroom Management Strategies You Can Start Right Away - I really recommend reading that for a lot of simple behavior management tricks you can do to make the day easier!

In that post, I show it using tallies but you can also use 10 frames or even 20 frames to connect it with learning!

25 Classroom Management Strategies to keep a chatty class quiet - I love this idea of using 10 frames on the whiteboard to play Students vs. Teacher! Lots of tips - save this!

You can get the "Students" and "Teacher" labels and ten frame mats in my Chatty Class Classroom Management pack. There's also extra ten frames so you can make it 20 frames.

I stuck magnet dots on the back of math cubes so I can easily fill the frames but you could use circle magnets or fun themed magnets (or put magnet dots on the backs of fun holiday objects like spiders for Halloween) to fill up the ten frames depending on the season.

By the way, I totally recommend sticking magnets dots on math manipulatives like this to use during math instruction on the board!   

For Students vs. Teacher, whoever fills their 10 frame first wins! If the students win, they get something (ex: 10 minutes extra recess or free time). If you win, just make up a prize for yourself - they don't need to know if you did or not :) Maybe make your prize ice cream because if you win... that means your class was c-razy and you deserve ice cream. Hopefully your class always beats you! :)

4. Read books about being too chatty!
There are some fantastic books to read aloud that address specific behaviors.

Check out this awesome list of books organized by behavior that you can read to your class to have great classroom discussions about their behavior:

Check out the books in the categories "Blurting & Interrupting," "Overly Chatty," "Using Your Inside Voice," and "Listening" - these are seriously awesome books that will help a ton!

5. Partner Talk
Kids love to talk. If they know they can talk during your lesson, they're more likely to stay quiet in between (or at least can be trained to be). Let them talk but make it relate to the lesson. If they know they're going to have to explain what you said to the person next to them, they'll listen so they don't say "uhhh" when it's time to share. Every kid should have an A/B partner at their carpet spot (if you don't have assigned carpet spots, do that yesterday!) and at their desks that stays the same. Every kid is either an A or a B (you can make it a cutesy name like chips and salsa, monkeys and bananas, etc. if you want) and that is what they always are so it's known and doesn't take time to explain each time. If their partner is absent that day, let them join the 2 people next to them as a C so there's no physical moving involved. 

After you explain something, say "As tell Bs what I just said" or "Bs explain to As how to..." or "As what do you think about [insert open ended question relating to the lesson]" so they never know if you're going to have As talk or Bs talk. If you don't assign it, they'll figure they don't have to listen because their partner will OR the more dominant kid will always talk. This gets everyone listening and talking about the lesson. Do it several times during your lessons, directions, or read alouds. It seriously works wonders! 

6. Blurt Cubes
Blurt cubes are AWESOME. If you have a few super chatty kids, you can do it just with them or you can do it with the whole class.

Chatty class driving you crazy?? Read about how to use BLURT cubes to get a overly talkative class to be quiet in a fun and positive way

Every kid has 5 cubes on their desk that spell BLURT. Their goal is to keep them saying BLURT all day.

If they blurt or talk while you're talking, you discreetly give them the blurt signal (look directly at them and hold up your hand in front of your chest showing the letter B in sign language) while continuing to talk. A quiet signal doesn't interrupt your lesson but they know to redirect themselves. The other kids will also see you give the signal and it'll remind them not to blurt either. When a student sees you give them the blurt signal, they know to switch their cube to upside down so it no longer shows the T in "Blurt" - the next time, they'd lose the R, then the U, etc. They cannot earn them back. Having the cubes on their desk is a great visual, yet private, reminder for especially impulsive kids.

If they have all the letters in BLURT at the end of the day, they get a "Blurt Dessert" card! Make the blurt dessert something really appealing like a few minutes of free time at the end of the day while the kids who lost letters work on unfinished work. If you have a really chatty and/or impulsive class, I recommend doing 2 rounds of blurt cubes halfway through the day with a known time it resets about halfway through each day (before lunch and after lunch, for example) so an impulsive kid doesn't immediately give up for the whole day when they lose 1 cube.

25 Chatty Class Classroom Management Strategies to Quiet a Talkative Class... so many teaching tricks!

You can also make the rewards "shaded"... the more cubes they have, the more privileges they get sooner. "If you have all of your Blurt cubes, line up for recess [those kids line up], if you have 4 of your cubes still, line up [those kids line up]," and so on. If you let the kids go to the free time, they go in that order. If you let the kids talk at their tables, the non-blurters can talk first then after 30 seconds, let the 4 cubes join in, then the 3 cubes, etc. That way, if a kid loses 1 cube, they still have incentive to not lose any more cubes.

If they lose ALL of their cubes, you can have them fill out a "Blurt Alert" sheet.

BLURT cubes classroom management trick to get a chatty class to be quiet.. your kids will LOVE this behavior management strategy!

They can either take it home to their parents to sign and return or you can keep it in your records.

These blurt alerts and desserts are also in my Chatty Class pack. I love the Blurt Dessert cards for recognizing kids who don't blurt (it's easy for the quiet ones to get ignored) - you can have them collect them and then turn them in for rewards or prizes.

Blurt alerts and blurt desserts are such a fun way to get a talkative class under control using BLURT cubes... BLURT cubes are the best!

7. The Quiet Manager
This is another favorite trick of mine that is pure GOLD for independent work time during math or literacy centers - those times when you're sitting at a small groups table and can't actively manage the classroom. 

When independent work time begins, pick a well-behaved child to be the Quiet Manager and give them a 2-minute sand timer from the dollar store. 

They flip the timer and stand at the front of the classroom or wherever they can see all the students best. They are looking for the quietest, hardest working student to be the next Quiet Manager. They EAT. THIS. UP. Just being able to get out of their seats for a second and stand at the front of the class with an important job for 2 minutes is a huge incentive. The quiet manager is looking for kids who don't look up (unless it's to see the word wall or a reference chart), are focused on their work, and aren't talking at all. Everyone will be working quietly to try to get chosen. When their sand timer runs out, their job is over and they quietly tap the person they thought was working hardest. They sit back down to do their work and the person they tapped goes to the front, flips the timer, and does the same thing. You can be picked more than once (otherwise kids won't care once they've been picked) but be sure to talk to them about not just picking your friends. Tell them exactly what desired behaviors to look for when you explain the job and tell them how it's a super important job to keep the class quiet and hard working. :) They DON'T walk around between desks/tables, they stand in one place with their timer. It may sound like it's distracting but it's really not - especially when all the kids know looking up at the quiet manager will make them not get chosen since not looking up is one of the desired behaviors the quiet manager is looking for. It's a GREAT, simple way to keep your kids quiet and working while you're trying to do small groups! Note: If there is center time where your kids are allowed to talk then the quiet manager is looking for kids who are working at a reasonable voice level and not loud, are staying in their seats, and are focused on their work.  

8. Make blurting a clip down level offense.
If you use a behavior chart in your classroom, make students clip down when they blurt. I talk all about how to use behavior charts effectively in the classroom in this post - I highly recommend it if you use a behavior clip chart. I explain how to keep it positive and how to keep it working all year by switching out the chart for a new one each month to keep it fresh and exciting! I also show all the fun charts I use all year for different holidays and themes. You can make your clip chart a really fun, positive classroom management tool with these tricks. :)

9. The marshmallow trick
This one should be used sparingly, of course, but it's great if you know you need to teach a long lesson or really want them to listen to something. Plus they'll think you're the coolest teacher ever. Give each kid one of those giant marshmallows that fills their whole mouth. Tell them to keep it in their mouth the entire time you're talking - don't chew or swallow it. Anyone who still has the marshmallow in their mouth after you're done talking gets a brand new yummy marshmallow!

They'll definitely remember this lesson so you can use it all year to tell them how you want their mouths. Simply say "marshmallows" and they know to puff out their cheeks as if they have a marshmallow in their mouths. You can also keep the theme by having a bag of mini marshmallows that you occasionally bring out and quietly/casually place one on the desks of kids who are working quietly. Place just one marshmallow on a desk and every kid will be so quiet hoping to get one too. This works with any kind of food! Don't feel like you have to give them a handful - just one pretzel, one cracker, etc. is enough to quiet everyone down - you can come around more than once to the same kid if they're super quiet, it'll just keep encouraging the others to be, and continue to be, quiet to earn more.  

10. Blurt Beans
You can do this in many different ways but the goal is to fill up the jar to earn prizes along the way. Write class rewards on colored tape to put on the jar. The prizes get better as they fill up the jar! I like having prizes along the way so the awesome big prize doesn't seem so far away and it keeps their motivation high. Fill in fun prizes on tape to put on the jar and when the jar gets to that line, they get that prize!

I love pinto beans because they are small so it takes a long time to fill up a jar... and they're cheap! Plus, you probably have some in a cabinet somewhere already that you keep meaning to pull out as math manipulatives. :) 

Class reward jar that has different levels so kids stay motivated to get to the top - lots of fun ideas for behavior management on this post

Every day, each kid gets 5 (or 3 or whatever you decide) blurt beans to start the day. I recommend they keep them on their name tag. THEY are responsible for keeping track of them. If they lose them, oh well. If they blurt out or talk while you're talking, you quickly and discreetly take away a bean from them or tell them to go put a bean in the blurt beans jar. Have another jar on your desk or somewhere you drop them into. I wouldn't have it displayed necessarily but it's nice to have as a visual during a firm look-at-all-the-beans-we-could've-put-in-our-jar-toward-our-goals talk on a particularly crazy day - but don't do that often at all - keep this as positive as possible! At the end of the day, all the kids drop their beans into the class rewards jar which is exciting to see it fill up more and more toward the lines. 

Blurt beans are AWESOME for helping kids not interrupt and earn fun rewards! Read this!

I love that the beans don't have names or identifying features on them. They're working together to fill up the jar so no beans will be stolen, they'll be careful to not knock other peoples' beans onto the floor (beans on the floor that aren't yours immediately go in the blurt beans jar), and they'll encourage friends to be quiet. You could also have an individual blurt bean jar for a super chatty kid if you just have 1 blurter and your class is otherwise quiet. 

For younger kids (kindergarten and first grade),  you may need to break it up a lot more than 5 to manage all day (although you'd be amazed how well they'll protect their beans when there are rewards are involved). In this case, do 1 bean per lesson. Have someone's job be the Blurt Bean Manager. When you tell them to, they go get a handful of beans, hand each kid 1, and put the rest back in the jar. Every time you want to do a lesson, independent work time, read aloud, or any time you want them to be quiet, each kid gets 1 bean. If they're listening on the carpet, have them hold it in their folded hands so it is also a physical reminder.

If they talk during the lesson, they have to give you their bean. At the end of your lesson, hold the class rewards jar and let the kids who kept their bean quickly drop in their bean (while you say, "Good job" with a smile) on their way back to their seats or, if they're already in their seats, go around while they're working with the jar to collect their bean and smile at them when they drop it in. You can also have bean collecting be the Blurt Bean Managers' job. Be sure to say positive things like, "Wow! Look at all the beans we earned from good listening! We're getting closer to the [whatever next reward is] line!"

Never take beans out of the jar. Once they earn it, it's theirs. It's a really fun twist on the class jar!

11. Use a voice level chart.
I LOVE voice level charts. I don't think it's enough to just say "inside voice" or "outside voice" to young kids because they'll just start out in a quiet voice and progressively get louder. Sound familiar?

Have a visual displayed that tells them exactly the voice you want them to use. I love my animal themed voice level chart! Put a clip on the voice level you want them to be using at that moment and they can easily look up at any time to see where it should be.

Voice Level Chart that is animal themed and fun to keep classroom noise under control - click to read how she uses this!

When you first introduce the chart, practice each level with the kids. Make it fun and be dramatic. When you practice "Loud Lion" ask what sound a lion makes... ROAR! Then talk in a super loud voice and say that's what a loud lion sounds like. Should we ever use that voice inside? Nooo. Only on the playground or outside.

Practice every single one. This may sound silly but some of your kids might not know how to whisper. Have you ever had a student who has a whisper that seems louder than talking? Practice whispering. Have them touch their throats while they talk to feel the vibration. Then have them touch it while whispering. Tell them they shouldn't feel any vibration while whispering. That usually does the trick. :)

25 Chatty Class Classroom Management Strategies to help quiet a talkative class - I love these ideas!

I like having full page posters of the voice level displayed next to the chart too so kids can see it from anywhere in the room. Simply print them, put them on a binder ring, and flip it to the current voice level. As you can see, I clipped "Inside Iguanas" so kids should be using their inside voices so I would then flip the animal poster to the iguana poster so kids can see it across the room for easy reference. Make sure you keep up with it so kids know they can reference it at any time. You could have it be a students' job to flip it. Anything you can delegate or that doesn't have you use your voice (constant verbal reminders are fun for no one), the happier teacher you will be!

Voice level chart posters to go along with the chart so kids know the exact noise level they should be talking at and can see from anywhere in the classroom

What about when it's "Quiet Turtle" time??

12. The Quiet Turtle

The bottom of the voice level chart is called Quiet Turtle. The quiet turtle is a big deal, my friends. When I say, "It's turtle time!" that means all voices are off until further notice.

To keep up with the theme, occasionally tell kids you're looking for quiet turtles to give a sticker/treat/ticket/etc. too. You only have to give 1 or 2 out to get complete silence.

My favorite part, though, is to have a quiet turtle! Get a turtle stuffed animal and let your kids name him. Mine is Tommy. He is the "quiet turtle." Be sure to tell your kids he doesn't like loud classrooms so he only comes out when it's really quiet. He likes to sit by the kids who are being the quietest.

You could say something like, "Tommy wants to come out but he's looking for quiet turtle friends." when it gets noisy and when they get really quiet, bring him out and place him on the desk of someone being quiet. They can hold him while they do their work. After a few minutes, Tommy goes to a new quiet friend. They'll be super quiet to get the turtle!

You could also make mini quiet turtles! I LOVE my little quiet turtles!

Quiet turtles classroom management strategy that kids LOVE! Lots of wonderful behavior management strategies to help with a noisy talkative class

Place them on the desks of kids working really quietly.

Make sure you tell them the quiet turtles don't like being touched by anyone other than you so if you touch it, you're going to scare it so you'll lose it. They also don't like noise so if you talk, you lose it. Keep it fun and act like they're caring for a pet. For some reason, having the little turtle on their desk to take care of is incentive enough to not talk sometimes! Only use this method occasionally or it'll lose its excitement. With all behavior tricks, you want to vary it up and keep it exciting!

Turtle craft for kids that is super cute and easy

How cute are these little turtles though? They're super easy to make! Use a hot glue gun to put a 1" light green pom on a 1.5" dark green pom. Add wiggle eyes and green felt feet and you've got a little turtle. :)

13. Play music
Some teachers find this helpful, others don't. Play instrumental or classical music while they work. It does have a sort of soothing feel and fills up the need for noise so it can keep students quiet during work time. Tell them if you can't hear the music, you're too loud. They only get the music if they can work quietly, otherwise it's silence.

14. The 5 Finger Game
If you want to explain something or give directions, hold up your hand with 5 fingers up against you at chest level. The kids copy you (hands against their chests so it's not distracting to them or others). If someone talks, blurts, or interrupts, you put down a finger. All the kids copy you immediately. If you can get through the directions with all your fingers up, they get 2 minutes to chat before the activity (or earn some type of reward but I like instant rewards when possible). If you still have 3 or 4 fingers up, they get 1 minute. Only 2 or 3 fingers, they get no talk time. 1 or less, some type of punishment like losing recess time. You can alter the times and number of fingers to fit your class. The beauty of it is that they have to copy you... so they have to be at least looking at you while you talk. If someone doesn't put their finger down when you do in a timely manner, the class loses another finger. Don't say who did it but say, "Uh oh. Someone didn't copy in time. We lost another finger." so they know everyone has to pay attention. Holding up their hand  is also a physical reminder for those especially blurt-y kids to control themselves.

15. The Whisper Game
Another effective game is the whisper game. When you want to get their attention and start talking, say in a really quiet voice, "If you can hear me, [your name] says to put your finger on your nose." Only a few kids will probably hear you the first time. Keep going. "If you can hear me, [your name] says put your hands on your hand" and other funny little motions as you get more and more kids' attention. They'll think it's fun and the other kids will join in. Once you have the attention of the whole class, do the "If you can hear me, clap your hands" or something where you DON'T say [your name] says (they only are supposed to do it if you say that before the task, just like the popular game) to end it in a fun way then start your spiel. :)

16. Copy My Clap
When you want to get the attention of a noisy class quickly, clap out a rhythm. They know to clap back the exact same rhythm. Only some kids will clap back the first time most likely. Clap the same rhythm again (hopefully most will do it back). Now do a new rhythm. Keep doing rhythms until you get everyones' attention. Smile while you do it so it's a fun thing! I like to clap out a really difficult fun rhythm for the last clap because kids think it's funny. The goal is always to use your voice as little as possible so you can keep your energy and honestly, using your voice to tell kids to quiet down is just as effective as talking to a wall most of the time so you want as many nonverbal strategies as you can get.

17. Cute and fun call backs
If you DO use your voice, have it be simple and quick like fun callbacks. There are a ton of them out there. I recommend only using a couple so they actually remember what to say back. One fun example is you say, "Holy moly!" and your kids say, "Guacamole!"

I talked about this in my popular 20 Classroom Management Strategies You Can Start Right Away blog post - change your voice so they have to match it! It keeps the call backs exciting. For example, say holy moly in a squeaky high pitched voice and they have to say guacamole back in the same type of squeaky high pitched voice. You can change your pitch (high/low), tone (sassy, angry, excited, etc.), speed (say it really fast, draaaaag out every word) for a ton of variety!

18. The Singing Trick
When you want to get their attention, just start singing a song they know. It can be a well known kids' song, a holiday song, or even a popular song they like from the radio. If you start singing, they know to join in. They also know to look at you because you're going to end the song at any moment with "the signal" and they don't want to be caught singing by themselves. :) The signal to abruptly stop singing is you put quickly both hands up on either side of your face shoulder width apart. If they see this, they immediately stop singing and do it too. When everyone's hands are up, they copy your motions as you bring your 2 palms together in front of your face, lock your fingers, and bring your folded hands down to your lap. Also put a marshmallow in your mouth for them to copy as you do this. Now they're ready to listen! I love it because you can't sing and talk at the same time so it brings all conversations to an immediate halt in a fun way.

19. Teach them silent signals to kindly ask classmates to be quiet.
Peer pressure works wonders. A lot of the strategies I've mentioned work well because the kids help each other be quiet. Make sure they're doing it kindly by teaching them quiet signals. It's not nice to "Shh!" someone but you can give them a silent signal to refocus them. Teach them that if someone talks to them during quiet time to hold their pointer finger up to their lips in the "quiet" signal then point to what they're focusing on. So, if the teacher is talking, they would put their finger to their lip then use it to quickly point to the teacher. This will tell the person trying to disturb them to stop and remind them where they should be looking. If they're supposed to be silently working on their classwork, they do the "quiet" signal with their finger then use it to point to their work. If kids know that's what they're supposed to do, they won't think it's "mean" when kids do it to them; instead, it'll remind them what they should be focused on. Young kids want to be accepted so they're way more likely to listen to a peer tell them to be quiet than you. Also explain to them that if someone is talking TO you and you're not stopping it with a quiet signal, you're just as guilty as the talker. If they do the quiet signal to someone twice in a row and the person keeps talking to them, then they must REPORT that to you. (To read my post explaining tattling vs. reporting: How to Tackle Tattling) Then, the talker also knows that they will for sure be in trouble if they don't listen to their friend's quiet signal.

20. Privacy Folders
Sometimes there are kids who just constantly need to chat at their seats. If someone has to report to you multiple times that they're being bothered, have them use a privacy folder. Each kid should have an empty simple 2-pocket folder that they can pull out to stand up on their desk to work inside of. The folders will stand up on their own when they're empty. I totally recommend using them for tests so kids can't look at each other's work. Kids keep them in an easily accessible place so if they just keep talking when you've asked them to be quiet, say, "I guess we need our privacy folders" and have them all put up their folders. I recommend letting kids know they can pull them out on their own when they really want to focus and/or someone is distracting them.

21. Flexible Seating
You've probably heard about flexible seating all over the place recently. It's a huge trend this year taking over classrooms and many teachers swear by it for behavior management. Have alternative seating options students can use or go to during the day to work at. Some people have switched completely to alternative seating and some teachers just have a few options for places kids can go. Here is a huge list of flexible seating options and ideas if you're interested in trying it out!

22. The "Blurts Hurt" Lesson
So this may sound crazy but give an interrupting lesson to teach empathy and how "blurts hurt."

Blurts Hurt poster - click to read instructions on how to teach a meaningful lesson on interrupting (25 Easy Tips to Queit a Chatty Class)

Kids may not realize how it actually hurts you when they interrupt you. They just think you're telling them to be quiet because it's a rule but may not realize that they're not being a good friend to you. Building classroom community is important and you, as their teacher, are a part of it just like they are. First, bring them to the carpet. Then, start by telling them how blurts hurt and when they interrupt you or talk when you're talking, it makes you feel sad. Then, ask them a really fun open ended question that will get them talking if you call on them like, "If you could have 3 brand new toys, what would they be?" or "If you were the principal, what would you do?" Let them think about it for a second and raise their hands. Let's say you ask what superpower they would have and why.

Call on someone. When they get 3-5 words into their sentence, loudly exclaim, "I'd love to be able to see through walls so I could sneak up on my friends!" to interrupt them then quickly say, "Anyone else want to share?" They'll raise their hands, call on a new kid. When they get about 3-5 words into their sentence, start a random conversation with the kid closest to you on the rug, "I got a puppy yesterday. We named him Jim." Do it a couple more times (keep it light so they think it's funny) then say, "That wasn't very nice of me to not listen to my friends, huh? How do you think it made them feel when I interrupted them or didn't listen?" to start a conversation about what it feels like when someone doesn't listen to you when you're talking and why it's important to be a kind listener. Of course don't interrupt them during this share or again. Sometimes I think it's important to remind students that WE are humans with feelings too and the way they act can hurt our feelings.

23. Have a lot of hands on activities.
If you read my blog, you know I have A TON of hands on resources in my TpT store for math and reading. You can read blog posts to see my math centers and activities in action by clicking on the math concept you want to see (place value, fractions, telling time, composing shapes, fact fluency, making a 10 to add, etc.) on my MATH page. I also think it's great to have fun activities like Secret Sight Words cards they can do when they're done with their work so they don't bother their friends who are still working.

24. Give them time to socialize first thing in the morning.
Give them about 20 minutes first thing in the morning to play and socialize with their friends. I know, I know. It might get crazy and loud while you're trying to take attendance. Your principal might walk in and see "unfocused" kids playing (gasp!) first thing in the morning. It's a waste of instructional time they could be doing "morning work." Play and building social skills isn't a waste in my opinion but that's a whole other blog post. :)

When your kids come in first thing in the morning, they have a million things on the tip of their tongues that they want to share with their friends (They lost a tooth last night! They went to a baseball game last night! Their little brother did something funny this morning!) and also just came in from before-school recess. It's hard to go from 60 to 0, from running outside at recess to coming in to a quiet classroom, especially when all you want to do is talk to your friends. They also may have just had breakfast because they were running late (not their fault) then had to rush to class and didn't get to play at all. They may have just had a "fight" with a friend on the playground where someone wasn't very nice to them that they're still upset about. Having some structured play time first thing in the morning to let them decompress and socialize positively with their friends is an awesome way to start the day. It will make them look forward to coming to school and getting to class on time.

Have clear expectations and rules.

Kids come in, put away their things, do their daily graphing question, and pick a table to work at.

Each table has a different activity like:
Fun Pattern Block activities
Bottle cap word building activities
- Educational board games (anything involving dice is educational in my opinion)
- Any math or literacy centers they loved during the year but have since been put away

Once they pick a table, that is their table for the entire morning time. There is no moving tables. First come, first serve.

This is another time the voice level chart I talked about above comes into play. They HAVE to use the level it says (I recommend Level 2 or 3) or they lose the privilege. Encourage them to talk though! Don't make it have to be super quiet inside voices, that's no fun and won't get their crazy out. They need this time to socialize like they would on the playground.

It also gives you time to do attendance, lunch count, and anything else you need to do first thing in the morning. Let them know it's a rule that they cannot talk to you during this play time because, just like it's their time, it's also your time to prepare for the day. If they need to turn something in or bring you something, they simply place it in your "INBOX" and go to their morning tubs. If they need to tell you something their parents told them to tell you, they know to write it down on a piece of scratch paper (always have scratch paper available somewhere for your kids) and put it in your inbox. It'll be inventive spelling and that's okay. If they are super reluctant writers or you teach pre-K or K, tell them to just write their name on a notepad and put it in your inbox so you remember to ask them about it. Be firm that there is absolutely no talking to you during this time. If they come up to you, point to the scratch paper. This will also allow you to decompress and start the day positive. In my opinion, you get a lot more done when you start the day this way because the kids aren't all wound up.

If you're wondering how to justify it to yourself or your principal since there's already so little time to fit everything in during the day (or at least that's the perception), the tubs at each table are educational so it's really just another small round of centers, NOT uneducational free time... and it's only 20 minutes. How much do those little morning work sheets actually teach them anyway? Aren't they really just something to keep them quiet? Why? Let them review in a fun way instead and start the day off positively. :)

When it's time to start the day, give them a 5 minute warning so they can start mentally preparing for play time to be over. When it's been 20 minutes, calmly let them know it's time to clean up. They should know to do this quickly and quietly if they want to keep the morning play time privilege.

25. Play "Quietest Line"
If you're having an issue with your kids talking in line when you're walking somewhere, split the line up into 2 lines next to each other and have a "Quiet Line" competition. Kids love being first, especially if you're walking to lunch or recess or another fun activity they want to get to as soon as possible. Tell kids you're looking for the quietest line. Whenever you arrive at your destination, that line gets to go first. If they were both absolutely silent, let the first line go then the second line right after. However, if there WAS redirection, hold the 2nd line back for a little while after the 1st line (the quietest line) has already gone. Even if it's just 30 seconds or a minute, they will not like seeing their friends run off onto the playground while they're still standing there.

To really make it effective, you can hold up both your hands on either side of your face while facing your 2 lines and walking backwards down the hall to do the 5 finger game with them. How many fingers you're holding up is the amount of points for that line. If someone in the line on the right talks, you put down a finger on your right hand (the hand closest to that line). If someone in the line on the left talks, you'd put down a finger on the left hand. This is an easy way to keep score and they will be so focused on your hands that they'll forget to talk anyway.

Alright! That's a lot of strategies! :) I hope you found some that can work for your class to try out. Let me know in the comments if you tried any of these and how they worked! Also let me know if you do any of these currently and if they work for you. Classroom management can be tough but it's key and there are so many little tricks that can make the school days easier. I really hope some of these were helpful for you!

If you want the voice level chart and posters, "Blurt Beans" label, student vs. teacher 10 frames, blurt alert forms, blurt dessert cards, blurts hurt poster, and all that fun stuff, they're in my:

Chatty Classroom Classroom Management Pack

 As always, thank you for reading my rambling! I know my blog posts are long but I always want to pack as much info in as I can to help!

I'd love if you took a moment to follow me on PinterestFacebook, and IG for more fun ideas like this. Thanks!

Check out these other fun posts:
Phonics Fluency Notebooks
Short A Activities & Resources (has a TON of ideas for short vowels centers and activities that could be used for any phonics sound)
Building Number Sense in First Grade
Fact Fluency in First Grade

Also - don't forget to join Miss Giraffe's Class so you never miss out on fun ideas and exclusive free stuff from me only for subscribers!

Please feel free to pin any images from this post onto Pinterest to save them.
Hover over the picture so the pinterest button pops up & click on it to pin it to your boards! :) Here's some more! 

25 Chatty Class Classroom Management Tips that are quick and easy to get an overly talkative class under control

Here's another one!

Chatty class? Blurt beans will save your sanity! Complete directions for how to implement this positive behavior management system in your class tomorrow!

Happy teaching!

Friday, September 9, 2016

Graphing and Data Analysis in First Grade

Graphing and Data Analysis in first grade can seem daunting but it is actually a really fun math concept because it is so visual. Kids "get it" pretty easily and graphing activities allow them to share things about themselves so they love it.

This post is going to be long like all my math posts but I promise there's good info here so keep reading for a lot of fun graphing activities and ideas! :) 

My favorite way to introduce graphing is with whole group graphing on the pocket chart with questions kids answer each day. I have a bunch of different question cards with category (answer) cards to go with them so you just set up the question at the top of the pocket chart and the categories at the bottom each morning.

Daily graphing question: put the question at the top of the pocket chart and categories at the bottom and kids put their name card above it to build a bar graph. Easy way to incorporate graphing into your calendar! Lots of great math talk ideas too

Then, kids come in and answer the question by taking their card they made for themselves and putting it above the category. I love these little kid cards. I made several different variations for boys and girls so they can pick the one that they think looks most like them, color it to look like them, and write their name on it. They only do it once then use that card for all the whole group graphing activities you do during the year!

One way I love to use this is as an attendance activity! When they come inside in the morning, they put away their stuff then go get their card to answer the question. It's a quick way to check attendance (just look at which cards weren't used), answer the graphing question, then get back to their morning work. It takes up pretty much no instructional time and gives them a task to do immediately when coming in which is great! 

At calendar or whole group math time, you can go over the results and analyze the data. You could also do the questions and kids putting in the answers during your lesson too. It can be such a quick activity that doesn't take up a lot of your instructional time but gives so much practice with graphing. 
Ask questions like, "How many people picked _____?" "Which ____ do the least of you like?" "Which ____ do the most of us like?" 

After about a week, start throwing in questions like "How many of us like ____ or ____ the most?" "How many more of you liked ____ than ____?" to start introducing those concepts. It's so much easier to explain it and for them to "get it" in this context than with pencil and paper later!

I made 27 different questions for almost a month worth of daily graphing practice. I tried to make them fun like what kind of superpower would you want or what would you do as principal. :) Most of the questions have 6 categories to choose from. You can use all 6 or just do 3 or 4 at a time or however you want to do it. There are a lot of ways to use them!

Kids love talking about themselves and sharing things so I love this activity for that purpose. Every single day, they get to share something about themselves through this activity and feel included in the lesson. It's a great way to get to know your kids! If you have a few extra minutes in your lesson, have them tell the person next to them on the carpet what category they picked and why, then pick a few kids to share with everyone. It's truly a classroom bonding experience the kids love. You can also have them talk to their partners about what they notice about the graph which is an AWESOME opportunity to get them to use math talk - model some observations for them ("I notice the most people like ice cream. What do you notice?" "I noticed that the least amount of people liked donuts.") Once they get good at it, you can even have them ask each other questions like, "How many people liked cake the most?"). It's using THEM and their friends as data about what THEY like so trust me, they're engaged and want to talk about it. :)

I actually recommend doing the daily graphing a few weeks before you actually start your graphing unit so they'll have a ton of exposure and practice to graphing and answering questions beforehand and, like I said, it can be a quick thing during calendar or before your whole group lesson to analyze the data in the graph. 

Once you are ready to teach graphing, they will be all warmed up and know how to read and answer questions about graphs!

Bar Graphs

The first step is to have them create their own bar graph using data. Give them a Level A (the level of my worksheets can always be found in the star in the upper right corner of pages) worksheet that has them look at the pictures and color in the bar graph to show how many of each.

I recommend having them color in each insect a different color then use that color to color in the bar graph. This will help them easily see and interpret their data which will help them when they start answering questions about their graphs later on.

I also recommend doing a simple worksheet like this for both vertical and horizontal bar graphs so they see that the graph can go either way.

As you can see, graphing the insects was a horizontal bar graph and pet shop pets is a vertical bar graph so students can see that both orientations can be used to display data. I think it's important for them to see all the ways graphs are represented so when they encounter them, they know what to do.

Data Analysis

Okay, so now they're ready to add the skill of analyzing their graphs!

Give your students who struggle the Level A worksheet to create their bar graph like they've done before. Then, they write how many of each ocean animal they saw on their sheet. Last, they answer the question by coloring in the ocean animal they saw the most. 

For your on level kids, give the 2 Level B worksheets (notice the B in the star in the top right corner). The first sheet has them tally how many of each animal they saw then create a bar graph using that data. 

THEN, they also get a question sheet. Hopefully you've practiced these types of questions in the whole group graphing pocket chart activities I showed above so that they're familiar with the vocabulary and types of questions that are asked about graphs. That's why I recommend doing it for a few weeks before starting your graphing unit. It's okay if you didn't and need to teach graphing now, though! Just do a few of the questions whole group to introduce the vocabulary and question types with the visuals. It's so much easier with visuals!

For your high kids, challenge them with the Level C questions sheet! As you probably know from my How to Keep Gifted Kids Engaged and Learning post, I'm really passionate about differentiation and making sure all kids feel challenged but in fun ways! 

As you can see, the Level C (note the star in the corner) worksheet asks a lot more questions they have to think about to answer but uses the same data as the Level B sheet. When you differentiate for your higher (or lower) kids, you want the activities to be the same so they feel connected to the lesson and to their peers and don't feel "different." That's why I always try to provide the same activity but alter the levels so everyone can take part and feel challenged at their own level.

You could also start all of the kids off with the A worksheets, work up to B together, then do C together to scaffold the learning. Working your way up with each level can get even your most struggling kids to be successful with the higher level thinking questions and concepts. 

Okay so now it's time for the fun stuff - math centers!!

Heads or Tails is an easy center! Simply give kids a penny, have them flip it and color in a box for the side that won. They keep flipping and coloring until one of the sides gets to the top. Once heads or tails reaches the top of their bar graph and "wins," they answer the 2 questions. Easy! You can laminate the mat and have them do it over and over. 

You can also have it be a partner game. Have one kid pick heads and one kid pick tails then take turns flipping to see who wins. 

Another fun center I love is Grab Sort Graph! 

Put 21 cubes in 3 different colors (7 of each color) into a tub. Kids close their eyes and grab a handful (or 2 handfuls if they have really small hands) of cubes and drop them on the table.

Then, they sort the cubes into piles by color and connect them to make a vertical bar graph. I laid them down for the picture but kids love making them into bar graph towers! Then, they color in the bar graph on their paper to show what they grabbed. 

There's an optional graphing questions worksheet to go along with it too that they can fill out about one, or both (copy it double-sided), of their grabs.

It wouldn't be one of my math units without some cut and pastes! You know me, I find a way to make every math concept into a cut and paste activity. :) 

I think it's important for kids to be able to make a bar graph so for the cut and pastes like this, they put the title where it is supposed to go and each category in the right place based on the data provided. For example, the data box shows 3 ants so they'd put the ant under the bar graph category with 3 colored in. It's a great assessment to see who understands what the graph actually means.

Speaking of labeling a graph, it's also important that they also know the components of a graph so we practice that too.

I also recommend hanging up posters or anchor charts as reference!

Parts of a Graph Poster for the classroom to identify the title data and labels on a graph

How Many More

Speaking of anchor charts, how many more can be such a difficult concept for kids that I recommend making some sort of anchor chart to remind them what it means. 

In my opinion, one of the hardest graphing questions that kids struggle with are the "How many More?" questions. This question stumps even the brightest kids but if they understand exactly WHAT it's asking, it can become easy for them. How many more often sounds to them like they need to just add the 2 numbers together.

So how do you teach it??
In small groups, let 2 kids be your examples. Give one kid (Ava) 8 red cubes and another kid (Jack) 5 blue cubes. Say how many does Ava have? 8. How many does Jack have? 5. Okay so now we want to figure out how many MORE Ava has than Jack. Have Ava and Jack link their cubes together in sets of 2 (1 red and 1 blue from each) until Jack runs out of cubes. Then say, "See? Ava still has some left over. So HOW MANY MORE cubes does Ava have than Jack? Let's count them!" and count how many cubes Ava has leftover to show them the concept. 

Simple directions for how to teach how many more

This simple small group activity will help them understand what it's asking when it wants to know how many more. Do it a couple times with different amounts until every kid at your small groups table has had a chance to practice. You can also throw in "How many less did Jack have than Ava?" to use that vocabulary as well if you think they're ready.

I also like to have a few worksheets to assess with paper and pencil so they see the question being asked. Have them circle the sets (or draw lines to connect them) to figure out how many are leftover.

Since they are basically bar graph masters at this point, let's try some REVERSE graphing!

Now they are the ones creating the data!

Give them this shapes data and ask them to draw a picture that makes the data true. In the box, they'd draw 5 circles, 2 rectangles, 4 triangles, and 6 squares. Simple enough, right? 

So now give them this bag of candies and tell them color it in based on the data. 

Then have them try coloring in apples on an apple tree using - wait, what are those?! Tallies!

Tally Marks and Tally Charts

I love tallies! Tally charts are a lot of fun because they are so simple. You've probable used them without even thinking on your whiteboard to do Table Points or play Students vs. Teacher (I show both of these classroom management ideas and a bunch more in this post: 20 Classroom Management Strategies You Can Start Right Away)

I like introducing them with pretzel sticks! Kids love food.
Food = Awesome. Food + Math = Still Food = Still Awesome.

Give each kid a handful of pretzel sticks and tell them they can eat them once they're done but not to eat them yet or they won't be able to build all the numbers. :) Lead them into setting out 1 pretzel stick to make 1, make 2, 3, 4, and then show them how to slant the 5th across the first 4. Then, show how you leave a little space to start a new set of 5. Build each number to 10 together. Walk around to make sure they're doing it right.  Then, have them clear their space and tell them random numbers to 10 to build then walk around to assess to make sure they build the numbers correctly. Easy, fun, yummy lesson!

Teaching tally marks with pretzel sticks and other fun tallies and tally chart activities

You can also create bigger numbers with more pretzel sticks if you want to practice counting sets of tallies by 5s and such.

The Tally Mark Kids math center is a really easy center for kids to review reading tally marks with numbers to 10. They simply look at the tally marks the kids are holding and write the number on their recording sheet. 

Tally marks centers and activities to teach counting tallies

Another center to practice counting tallies are the glitter tallies puzzles. These practice tallying numbers to 30 where kids simply match the tallies to the number. This is a good time to remind kids that they can count tallies quickly by counting by 5s.

Tallies puzzles to teach how to count tally marks and other fun graphing activities

When it comes time to show what they know, I have a ton of tally mark worksheets. First, I recommend having them count the tallies and write the number they represent in the box.

Counting tally marks practice worksheets and activities - lots of great ideas for teaching graphing

Then, give them numbers and have them draw the tallies to make that number. 

Last, mix the 2 skills together for a lot of tally marks practice!

Now that they understand WHAT tallies are and how to read/write them, now they can use them for graphing!

I recommend giving your kids this shapes graph to tally in their level. Level A worksheet:

Tally charts worksheets and activities for first grade or kindergarten

Level C worksheet:

Tally charts worksheets and activities for first grade or kindergarten

Yay! They made their very own tally chart! :)

As you can see, I really differentiate everything that I can. I think it is so important for kids to be able to feel successful but challenged at their level. I want every kid in the world to love math so I try to make it as fun as possible while providing support for the kids who need it and a challenge for those who need it. 

For example, here is one of the tally charts worksheets I recommend giving to the majority of your kids. Note the level B in the star in the corner. This is for the kids who are on grade level... they get things after explaining once or twice and typically don't struggle with learning new math concepts.

Tally charts worksheets and activities to practice tallies graphing and data

This worksheet has a tally chart where the numbers are within 10. It asks questions they know how to answer from learning about bar graphing. 

For your kids who do struggle, give them a Level A worksheet. They are practicing the exact same concept but at their level. The numbers they're using are smaller and the questions are much easier to answer. After they master Level A, definitely let them try Level B but they should definitely be doing Level A to prepare first so they can feel successful.

For your kids who need an extra challenge, give a Level C worksheet. As you can see below, the numbers are much bigger so it is much more of a challenge. It's not always about having bigger numbers - I usually try to provide more challenging ideas or questions but for this one, it's just about bigger numbers because that really does make it a lot more challenging for them to answer the questions (adding them ALL up, subtracting one from another to determine how many more). 

Another way to easily differentiate is with centers. For example, with the Tally Dice Roll, you can differentiate by simply giving a different set of directions to different groups.

For this center, kids roll the dice then draw the tallies. For your on level and above kids, have them roll 2 dice and use that to create a 2 digit number. If they roll a 3 and a 2, their number would be 32 so they would write 32 in the circle and draw 32 tallies. For your lower kids, tell them to roll 2 dice then add them together to get the number they draw so they only are drawing tallies with numbers up to 12. For example, if they roll a 3 and a 2, they would add the 2 numbers together to get their number (5) so they'd write 5 and draw 5 tallies. 

Super fun math center games to practice counting tallies

Another fun activity is using colored craft sticks! Put a handful of 3 colors of craft sticks into a baggie. Do this to make a few baggies to choose from. Have kids in partners simply grab a baggie, sort the craft sticks by color, and make them into tallies (by color) to see how many of each color they have. Then have them ask each other questions about it! How many red, how many yellow, how many more ___ than ___, which has the most, which has the least, how many tallies in all, and so on. You could also write the question frames on the board to guide their math talk!

Cut and pastes are also a lot of fun to practice! I made a couple different ones to practice with.

Picture Graphs (Pictographs)

Okay so my personal favorite type of graph - picture graphs!

You can introduce them by grabbing any random classroom objects (crayons, glue sticks, counting bears, cubes, anything!) and making a picture graph out of them.

Just make sure the objects are all of a similar size so you can line them up so it doesn't skew the look of the data and make it look like there's more of something just because it's bigger.

When kids are ready to practice picture graphs, I recommend starting them out with a Level A or Level B worksheet.

Picture graphs worksheets and activities for first grade differentiated and fun math activities

I love picture graphs because they're so visual and kids understand them pretty easily. Level A above is really straightforward while Level B has them answer a pesky "How many more?" question as well as make them think to answer the "How many kids are in our class?" question.

Picture graphs worksheets and activities for first grade differentiated and fun math activities

For your kids who need a challenge, I included a lot of deeper thinking questions. They're all questions you could do whole group with everyone since they're a lot like what kids would encounter on a test but all those questions at once would probably be overwhelming for the average first grader so I'd keep it for your higher kids only if it's independent practice. It'd be a great sheet to do in small groups with your on level groups though! They can definitely do it with a little support. :)

Picture graphs worksheets and activities for first grade differentiated and fun math activities

Okay so this is a super fun picture graphs math center - Race to Graph!

Race to Graph is such a fun math center game to practice pictographs and other picture graph activities

Your kids will LOVE It and they can play it over and over for new races! I love centers kids can play over and over because I think students should do any center multiple times... every time they do it, they're increasing their understanding.

Give your students the car dice, the Race to Graph racing mat (laminate it or put it in a sheet protector), and a dry erase marker. Have them roll the dice to figure out which car color to color in on their mat with the dry erase marker to create their picture graph. They keep rolling until one of the cars wins the race by having its full row colored in! I think it's fun if they "bet" on a color car first with their partner.

If you want to have them record their results, give them the A level recording sheet to color in the cars (have them use the crayon colors of the cars to color it in) and total their answers at the bottom.

If you want them to also analyze the data, give them the level B worksheet for on level practice or the level C worksheet for students who need a challenge. For kids who struggle, I recommend doing just the A sheet. For on level kids, they can do A and B or just B. For advanced kids, they can do A and C or just C. This is the Level B data analysis sheet:

And, of course, cutting and pasting fun! Have kids look at the data table at the top to figure out how many of each fish to give each person. You can have them color each person's fish a different color to help them build it if you want. I love these because they're fun AND a perfect assessment. You can see who understands what a picture graph means... and it's tricky! There are 4 extra fish they don't need so they'll be challenged to realize that they don't use all of the fish to make their chart.

Picture graphs activities and worksheets and a lot more fun graphing ideas

Pie Charts

Pie Charts are also a lot of fun because they're visual... and who doesn't love pie?

The easiest way to teach pie charts is to just show them a pie chart and talk about it. I like to use this "Our Favorite Food" visual because it's simple. Explain how you asked the class their favorite food and these were the results. Ask them which food has the biggest chunk of the pie - that must be the category we like the most! Ask which has the smallest chunk of the pie, etc. to talk about it.

Now it's time to make our own pie chart! Making their own is what really solidifies the concept. Give them a pie chart building worksheet where they look at the picture (data) and color each fruit the crayon color it says to. Then, they'll color in a slice of their pie chart according to how many of that fruit there were. For example, they colored 5 apples red so they would color in 5 slices on their piece chart red. They colored in 3 lime wedges green so they'd color in 3 slices of their pie chart green. When they're all done, they've made their very own pie chart!

Pie charts worksheets and activities to teach circle graphs in first grade

But, of course, they have to analyze it too! Data analysis sounds like such a scary thing but it really gets so easy for them with practice! It's so nice to have similar questions for all of the different graph types, too, so that they are comfortable with what it's asking and just have to apply it to the new type of graph. For the Level B data analysis worksheet (above on the right), they write how many of each fruit, how many in all, which they saw the most, and which they saw the least.

Pie charts worksheets and activities to teach circle graphs in first grade

Level C has a lot more questions! By this point in your graphing unit, you could give this worksheet to all of them because they've had a lot of practice with questions like this!

Here's another do again and again (and again and again) math center you can do...
Roll a Pie Chart!

Pie charts worksheets and activities to teach circle graphs in first grade

For this center, kids simply roll the crayon dice to tell them what color to color in each circle on their paper. They roll a red crayon/color in a circle red, roll a green crayon/color in a circle green, roll a blue crayon/color in a circle blue, etc. until all of their circles in the line are colored in. Once they've filled all their circles in the line, they make a pie chart with their data and answer the 2 questions. Super simple :) I love centers you can do over and over like this for a ton of practice.

Types of  Graphs

So now we've practiced all 4 types of graphs we learn in first grade! Do they remember what they're called? I like to have a few sheets to practice this so they remember the names of them:

Practicing the different types of graphs worksheets and activities

You can also hang up a poster or anchor chart like this as a reference. I also made this poster in black and white so students can color it and put it in their math folders.

I also like to have reference posters of each graph type to hang up so kids can quickly reference!

Types of graphs math posters

Now that they know all 4 types of graphs, I think another important skill is being able to display data in multiple ways with different graph types.... so in comes the assessment!

As you know from my math units, I always include 3 versions of every unit test. Here's one of them!

They have to look at the data and express it in 3 different types of graphs: bar graph, tally chart, and pie chart.

Graphing assessments and activities first grade

 Then, they answer the questions about their graphs! 

Graphing assessments and activities first grade

Like I said, there are 3 of the tests so you could easy do pre-, mid-, and post- assessments. You could also give the test at the end of the unit to figure out who you need to reteach to in small groups and use another test after reteaching to see if it stuck. What I actually recommend is doing a pre-test, post-test, and then saving the 3rd test in a stack with the 3rd tests from the other math units you did that quarter to do a big quarter test at the end of each quarter. It makes a great formative assessment for report cards! You could also save one of the tests for review work packets. There's lots of options!

There's also a sheet to test labeling the parts of a graph and identifying the types of graphs but I think I've maxed out the amount of pictures one should use on a post :) I hope it loaded quickly for you!

I hope you loved reading about graphing!!!

Want EVERY SINGLE ACTIVITY from this post??
Get it here:
First Grade Math Unit 16: Graphing and Data Analysis

It also comes in a UK spelling version for my friends around the world - just email me! :)

I have math units like this for all the first grade math concepts! I bundled them at a super deep discount (if you buy both bundles, that's like getting almost FIVE entire units free so they're definitely worth checking out if you want your whole year in math planned!):

Want to read more MATH ideas from me?
Check out some of these fun posts:
Building Number Sense
Place Value
Telling Time
Adding 3 Numbers
Fact Fluency
Making a 10 to Add
Money (available in U.S., Australian, U.K., and Canadian coins!)
Composing Shapes

Follow me on Pinterest for more teaching ideas!

Also - don't forget to join Miss Giraffe's Class so you never miss out on fun ideas and exclusive free stuff from me only for subscribers!